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Question: Describe the principles of measurements in taking off civil engineering structures. -Free Course Hero Question Answer.

Question Description: Describe the principles of measurements in taking off civil engineering structures.

Free Course Hero Answer

Course Hero Answer & Explanation:

Principles of measurements in civil engineering are very vast subject each item there are various norms but I am giving just some of the general norms followed

1 Measurement up to two decimals should be considered in linear measurements. Suppose we are measuring linear measurements then 3.05 up to two decimal are only considered in linear measurements.

2 In area measurements 0.01sqmeters up to decimal are considered

3 In volume measurement 0.01 cubic meters up to two decimal are considered.

4 Measurements are done in linear or square or cubic. if there is nonlinear then the average is taken. Two or three times measurements are done if any difference average is taken.

5 Earthwork is measured in cubic meters or cubic feet.

5 BRICK work is measured in square meters or square feet.

6 Plastering in square meters or square feet.

7 Painting in square meters or square feet

8 Steel in pounds or kips or kg

10 concrete is measured in cubic meters or cubic feet.

These are common I have given but it is a very big topic. Generally, feet and inches are commonly used in building construction. Bit in other big work like roads etc meters is used.

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